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A Most Warlike Appearance: Uniforms, Weapons, Flags and Equipment of the United States in the War of 1812
by René Chartrand

Just released and presently only available from the publisher, this book is a must. Excellent section on Swords.
Click here to find out more.

 

 

British Regular Regiments in North America during the War of 1812
Compiled by Robert Henderson


The following chart is based on a number of sources including C.Hamilton Smith's 1812 charts, DeBosset's 1802 Charts, the tailor notes from the Army clothier Pearse, and miscellaneous primary source research.   I would like to note that René Chartrand's numerous works on British, Canadian, and West Indian uniforms were extremely helpful.  For various military button patterns click here.

S = Squared Ended Loops  FB = "Flower pot" Bastion Loops JB = "Jew's Harp" Bastion Loops  P = Pointed

Type

Regiment

Engagements

Years in War

Facing Colour

Coat Colour

Lace

Comments

Cavalry

6th Inniskilling  Dragoons Chesapeake 1814

white girdle with 2 yellow lines
14th Light Dragoons New Orleans 1814-15

 

orange girdle with 2 blue lines
19th Light Dragoons  Niagara, Black Rock, Buffalo, Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, recapture of Fort George, Plattsburg   1813-15   yellow girdle with 2 blue lines

Infantry

4th Royal Veteran Battalion   1812 S Loops in Pairs
10th Royal Veteran Battalion Mackinac, River Raisin, Miami 1812-15 S Loops in Pairs
1st Regiment (Royal Scots) Sackett's Harbour, Fort Niagara, Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1812-15 FB Loops in Singles (C.H.Smith shows plain white, other evidence points to Single or double blue line)
3rd Regiment (the Buffs) Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
4th Regiment (King's Own) Bladensburg, Capture of Washington, New Orleans, Fort Bowyer, Mobile 1814-15 FB Loops in Singles
5th Regiment (Northumberland) Plattsburg 1814-15 JB Loops in Singles
6th Regiment (Warwickshire) Fort Erie 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
7th Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) Orleans, Fort Bowyer, Mobile 1814-15 S Loops in Singles
8th Regiment (King's) Ogdensburg, York, Fort George, Sackett's Harbour, Stoney Creek, Beaver Dams, Buffalo, re-capture of Fort George, Fort Niagara, Chippewa, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1812-15 S Loops in Singles
9th Regiment (Norfolk)   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
13th Regiment (Somersetshire) Lacolle Mills, Plattsburg 1813-15 S Loops in Pairs
16th Regiment (Bedfordshire) Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Singles
21st Regiment (Royal North British Fusiliers) Chesapeake, Bladenburg, Capture of Washington, Baltimore, New Orleans 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
26th Regiment (The Cameronians)   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
27th Regiment (Inniskillins) Plattsburg, New Orleans 1814-15 S Loops in Singles
29th Regiment (Worcestershire) Fort Castine, Bangor, Fort at Machias 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
37th Regiment (Hampshire)   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
39th Regiment (Dorsetshire) Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
40th Regiment (Somersetshire) New Orleans, Mobile 1815 S Loops in Pairs
41st Regiment  Sandwich, Detroit, Queenston Heights, River Raisin, Fort Meigs, Fort Stephenson, Lake Erie, Thames, Fort Niagara, Black Rock, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1812-15 JB Loops in Singles
43rd Regiment (Monmouthshire) New Orleans 1815 S Loops in Pairs
44th Regiment (Essex) Bladensburg, Washington, Baltimore, New Orleans, Mobile 1814-15 S Loops in Singles
49th Regiment (Hertfordshire) Queenston Heights, Fort George, Stoney Creek, Beaver Dams, Crysler's Farm, Plattsburg 1812-14 FB Loops in Singles
57th Regiment (West Middlesex)   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
58th Regiment (Rutlandshire) Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Singles
59th Regiment (Nottinghamshire) Plattsburg 1814 JB Loops in Singles
60th Regiment (Royal American) 7th Battn Penobscot, Fort Castine 1814-15 Dressed as a Rifle Corp
62nd Regiment (Wiltshire) Fort Castine 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
64th Regiment (Staffordshire)   1813-15 S Loops in Pairs
70th Regiment (Glasgow Lowland)   1813-15 S Loops in Singles
76th Regiment Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
81st Regiment   1814-15 P Loops in Pairs
82nd Regiment (Prince of Wales Volunteers) Fort Erie 1814-15 FB Loops in Pairs
85th Regiment (Bucks Volunteers) Bladenburg, capture of Washington, Baltimore, New Orleans 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
88th Regiment (Connaught Rangers) Plattsburg 1814-15 P Loops in Pairs
89th Regiment Crysler's Farm, Black Rock, Buffalo, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1813-15 P Loops in Pairs
90th Regiment (Perthshire Vol.)   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
93rd Regiment (Sutherland Highlanders) New Orleans 1814-15 P Loops in Pairs (sewn in 'Coldstream' style - folds make diamond shaped point)
95th Regiment (Rifles) New Orleans 1815 Dressed as a Rifle Corp
97th Regiment Plattsburg 1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
98th Regiment   1814-15 S Loops in Singles
99th Regiment   1814-15 S Loops in Singles
100th Regiment Fort Niagara, Sacket's Harbor, Chippewa, Fort Erie 1812-15 S Loops in Singles
101st Regiment   1814-15 S Loops in Pairs
102nd Regiment Chesapeake 1813 S Loops in Pairs
103rd Regiment Patterson's Creek, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie, Grand River 1812-15 S Loops in Singles
104th Regiment (New Brunswick) Sacket's Harbor, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1812-15  

Foreign & Fencible Regiments

Regiment de Meuron Plattsburg 1813-15 FB Loops in Singles
Regiment de Watteville Oswego, Fort Erie 1813-15 FB or JB Loops in Pairs
Independent Companies of Foreigners Chesapeake

1813

Dressed as a Rifle Corp
Royal Newfoundland Fencibles River Raisin, Ogdensburg, York, Miami, Sacket's Harbor, Fort George, Lake Erie, defence of Mackinac 1812-15 S Loops in Singles
Canadian Fencibles Crysler's Farm, Salmon River, Chateauguay, Lacolle Mills 1812-15 S Loops in Pairs
Nova Scotia Fencibles   1812-15 FB Loops in Singles
Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles Ogdensburg, Sacket's Harbor, York, Fort George, Oswego, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1812-15 Dressed as a Rifle Corp
New Brunswick Fencibles   1812-15 S Loops in Singles
Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Voltiguers) Sacket's Harbor, Chateauguay, Crysler's Farm, Lacolle Mills 1812-15 Grey version of a Rifle Corps
Michigan Fencibles defence of Mackinac, Prairie du Chien 1814 S Loops in Singles
1st West India Regiment New Orleans 1815 S Loops in Pairs
2nd West India Regiment Georgia Coast 1815 S Loops in Pairs
5th Weat India Regiment New Orleans 1815 S Loops in Singles
Royal West India Rangers Georgia Coast 1815 Dressed similar to Rifle Corp but with lace down the front opening of coat

Board of Ordnance & Other Corps

Royal Horse Artillery (rocket) New Orleans 1814-15

Hussar dolman corded in deep yellow
Royal Artillery too numerous to mention 1812-15

FB Loops in Singles
Corps of Royal Engineers officers at many of the engagements 1812-15

Gold

 
Royal Sappers and Miners Oswego, Plattsburg, Lacolle Mills, Ash Island, Washington, Bladensburg, Baltimore, New Orleans, Fort Bowyler, Mobile 1813-15 FB Loops in Singles
Corps of Royal Military Artificers and Labourers   1812-13 FB Loops in Singles
Royal Staff Corps New Orleans 1814-1815 No loops
Royal Marines Chesapeake, Bladensburg, Oswego, Washington, Georgia, Fort Bowyer, New Orleans, Lacolle Mills, lake Champlain 1813-15 S Loops in Pairs
Royal Marine Artillery the above plus Plattsburg, Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie 1813-15  

 

 


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